Areas of Study

Practical Life

The Practical Life area is an area in the Montessori classroom that offers lessons that the child has seen in the home environment. Some of these lessons consist of pouring, spooning, table washing, carrot cutting and the dressing frames (tying, buckling and buttoning). Each piece of work is geared for a child to work independently. These lessons isolate one skill, allowing the child to master it one step at a time. These lessons help the child develop a sense of order, concentration, individuality, and sequential thought.



Each lesson is focused on one of the senses. The lessons consist of The Pink Tower, red rods, binomial and trinomial cubes, constructive triangles, sound cylinders, smelling bottles, tasting bottles, geometric solid cylinders. All of these material are designed to help the child focus their attention on their senses and to explore their environment using their senses.


In the Mathematics area, once again Montessori created concrete materials to represent all types of quantities so that the child can touch and move item as they enumerate them. In a Montessori environment, a child not only sees the symbol for 1; 1,000; or ½, they can also hold each of the corresponding quantities in their hand. By combining this equipment, separating it, sharing it, and counting it, they can demonstrate to themselves the basic operations of arithmetic. This activity gives them the satisfaction of learning rather than by being told. Eventually, they develop an early enthusiasm for the world of numbers.



The language area begins with the spoken language of the prepared environment. Followed by the numerous picture cards of animals, transportation, flowers, instruments etc. The Montessori child learns the letters of the alphabet through the sand paper letters. Each letter is recognized by its phonetic sound. Later the child begins creating words with the moveable alphabet. Later the child begins creating words the moveable alphabet. With the repetitiveness of the alphabet box the child becomes confident in the formation of creating words, sentences and stories. As the child continues to work with the alphabet, teachers will guide them through a wide range of pre-reading exercises. Therefore, an explosion in reading and writing will occur.



The cultural area consists of Geography, History, Arts and Science. Children have a natural interest in learning about new places in our World. The Montessori classroom gives the child a chance to explore the world through physical geography which includes the sandpaper globe, land and water forms, puzzle maps of each continent, and engaging land and water forms, as well as through cultural geography which explores the customs, music, foods, clothing, transportation, home and family life of other cultures. Children also possess a natural curiosity about how things work. In the Montessori classroom, many activities are available for the child to explore simple machines: construction of a flashlight, sink and float, magnets. Children explore Nature through studying Zoology and botany, and participating in the hands-on experiences of caring for plants and animals both inside the classroom and outdoors. The Arts is explored with a wide variety of material. Water colors, pastels, clay, gluing. Sewing buttons knitting, making pillows, embroidery. It delves into Artists their paintings as well as exploring musicians, music and instruments.